How to Understand and Learn American Sign Language
Have you added learn American Sign Language to your to-do list? It can be fun, but it can also be scary to learn a new language. You may wonder how and where to get started. When you make the decision to learn ASL, your first thought is probably to jump online and find out where you can learn. Some people use social media, and others look for a course to get them through more than just how to say hello. The article below will have tons of tips and tricks on what you need to know to get you started on your ASL learning journey. There are many great resources out there where you can learn ASL.
What Exactly is American Sign Language?
ASL, which stands for American Sign Language, is its own language and is the primary language used by the Deaf community. American Sign Language has its own history of where it derived from, and the Deaf community has its own culture as well. To say American Sign Language is one of a kind would be an understatement. There are so many reasons why you should learn American Sign Language that it’s hard to know where to start, but we’ll take a crack at it below.
1. It is a beautiful and visual language.
2. You can communicate using ASL no matter where you are, in loud or quiet places, from afar, or through windows. Loud places like concerts or clubs and quiet places like the library or during a play.
3. You can communicate with Deaf people.
4. It is another foreign language to know.
It is definitely well worth learning. It’s an awesome language to learn, and it is super fun. One of the things that make ASL so unique is that it cannot be written. There are a lot of benefits when it comes to signing, and it bridges the gap between the hearing and Deaf communities. Babies and people with speech disabilities also benefit from learning American Sign Language. ASL is especially awesome and beautiful in the arts – For example, check out DeafWest.org.
Here are several key facts about ASL:
- ASL is not universal as it is most commonly used within the United States and Canada. If you live outside of the US and learn ASL, it’s counted as an additional foreign language. ASL has its own sentence structure, grammar, signs, slang, and phrases that may or may not exist in other foreign sign languages. Since none of the sign languages are universal, International Sign is not a language per se but is primarily used to communicate with foreigners. International Sign mainly consists of facial expressions and body gestures to successfully convey the message. For example, “question/ask” is signed by drawing a question mark in the air, or “time” is signed by pointing at the wrist to represent someone wearing a watch. There are international sign languages that are unique to each country. The sign languages of each country, for instance, American Sign Language and Israeli Sign Languages, have their similarities, but they also have many differences.
- ASL was originally derived from French Sign Language (LSF), so there are a lot of similarities between these two sign languages. In 1755, a French guy named Abbe Charles-Michel de I’Epee founded the first deaf institute in Paris. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet traveled to Europe in 1815 to study methods for teaching Deaf students, and during his attendance at an event, Gallaudet was invited to visit the Deaf school in Paris by two French people. Gallaudet asked Laurent Clerc, a deaf teacher at the Deaf institute in Paris, for a favor to help him establish a Deaf school in America. In 1817, Gallaudet and Clerc established Deaf schools in Connecticut. In 1864, today’s Deaf university, known as Gallaudet University, was founded. Today’s ASL is strongly influenced by Deaf students who graduated from American School for the Deaf, who passed down the sign language and Deaf cultural experiences. Furthermore, ASL became one of the most used languages in the United States. Read more about ASL history.
- There are different modalities of sign language, such as American Sign Language (ASL), Pidgin Sign Language (PSE), Signed Exact English (SEE), Cue Speech, and Total Communication.
- There are signs that have multiple meanings, so D/deaf people either use context clues to understand the story being expressed, or the signer’s finger spells out the words to better clarify a sign.
- D/deaf people can sign in quiet places, during eating, from far away, or even through the windows.
Where To Begin When You Want to Learn American Sign Language language?
One of the fastest and easiest ways to learn ASL is by taking courses offered by Start ASL. We offer two packages, a Silver and a Gold package. Both of these packages include:
- Our Advanced Online Classroom with Interactive Activities, Grading, and Progress Tracking
- Don’t Just “Sign”… Communicate! PDF Textbooks Included
- Certification of Completion for each course level
- Our exclusive LIVE Virtual Practice Events
- Exclusive Community Group Membership
- Start ASL Instructor Support With Curriculum and ASL questions
- Instructor Written Feedback on your signing assignments
and the Gold package offers more features than what is listed above:
- Instructor Video Feedback on your signing assignments
- Virtual Office Hours with Instructor
- Priority Email Support
- Verified Completion Certificates and Grade Reports*
- Bonus DJSC! A Student’s Guide to the Deaf Experience and DJSC! A Students Guide to Deaf Community Terminology PDF E-books
- Bonus Vocabulary Study Sheets, Worksheets, and Sentence Practice Worksheets
- Bonus Anki Digital Vocabulary Flashcards
Start ASL also offers an ASL offline course, an ASL teacher’s package, and an ASL homeschool package.
What You Need To Know When Learning American Sign Language
Remember, it is not just about brushing up on your ASL skills but also keeping in mind that ASL is quite a bit more than just a language. It is a language that has its own grammar and sentence structure, slang and phrases, as well as culture and history. First of all, ASL has 5 parameters which are hand shape, palm orientation, location, movement, and non-manual markers/signals.
Handshape: This refers to the hand configuration which is used at the beginning of any word production in ASL. There are common handshapes such as 1 and D, 2 and V, 9 and F that are usually misinterpreted; therefore, people will use the context to help them better interpret the sign that has the same handshape. Here are three examples of handshapes: “c” as in class, open “a” as in behind, and bent “v” as in squirrel.
Palm Orientation: This refers to the direction in which the hand is turned to produce a sign. Palm orientation includes palm up, palm down, palm right, palm left, palm outward (away from you), and palm inward (palm facing you). Here are some examples of signs with different palm orientations: school, clean, paper.
Location: This refers to the location of where the signs are produced. The general physical parameters (signing space) for sign language production are approximately four inches above the head, elbow room as with hands on the waist, and about four inches below the belly button or belt buckle. The 3 example signs of location that changes meaning are summer, ugly, and dry. There are also signs that remain in the same location but have different handshapes, such as restaurant and single.
Movement: This refers to changing of the location of the hands when signing. For example, when signing give, you can sign give away from you towards the person you are signing with. This indicates that I am giving you something. On the other hand, if I am signing give away from you towards me, then that indicates you are giving me something. Movement can also refer to the frequency of an action. For example, again, if signed repeatedly multiple times, then this means “over and over”.
Non-Manual Markers/Signals (NMM or NMS): These are signals or gestures done without the use of hands. The signals or gestures are demonstrated mostly from the shoulders, head, and face to relay a message. Specific NMM or NMS alter the meaning of a sign. Facial expressions or body language such as head nods, shakes, eyebrows, nose, eyes, and lips fall under this category and carry a meaning that are attached to a sign.
The second tip to when learning ASL is that some handshapes movements can come off the wrong way or convey a different meaning, so be careful and learn the correct way to sign a word. This is usually common for beginner signers, and that is okay, but it is good to keep in mind!
Learning ASL is not just learning by the books. A lot of it comes from social interactions with other Deaf people. Start ASL also has a list of Deaf events you can attend to. Social interactions give you the real-world use of ASL and what I mean by that is you will learn how people use slangs, talk with each other, use of behavioral movements and facial expressions. In addition, by immersing yourself in Deaf socials, you can easily practice your sign language. Start ASL promotes many Deaf events from all over the US, you can find Deaf events here.
Sign language is not hard, it takes time, patience, and practice. It can be frustrating at first, but really it is a lot of muscle memory, and once you sign, again and again, it becomes easier.
Tips and Tricks When Learning American Sign Language
Here are a couple tips to keep in mind when learning American Sign Language.
- Similar to any other language, learning ASL takes time to learn. It may be easy for some people and more challenging for others. It is a matter of practicing and being brave to attend Deaf socials.
- Before you attend Deaf socials, be sure to read and familiarize yourself with the Deaf community and Deaf culture. This information is important because when you attend Deaf socials, there are things that you can and cannot do, so it would be good to know ahead of time. Of course, you will learn a lot more when you actually attend socials.
- Understand the cultural differences but also recognize the common body language and behavior. For instance, D/deaf people are very direct and expressive, so it can come off a bit awkward being around an expressive 18+ type of talk, but that is normal in the Deaf community.
- When you attend Deaf socials, even if you are a beginner and barely know signs, it is respectful to turn your voice off when possible.
- Attend Deaf socials, meet D/deaf friends, and hang out with them. That is the only way you will improve your signing.
- Also, having a D/deaf friend is beneficial because this will push you really use your signing and help you understand the life of a D/deaf person, the culture, and the community.
- Even if you do not know a lot, you create ASL cover videos. You can simply go on Youtube to learn someone signing to a song and film yourself signing to the song or poem or joke or story. You will be surprised how far you have improved with your signing when you become fluent. This is also a fun way to utilize your signing and stay engaged with your learning process.
- Remember that facial expressions and body language are crucial.
- There are signs that have reasons behind them.
- It is okay to finger spell if you do not know the sign.
- Be mindful that there are multiple signs for a single word. So, if you learned the sign one way and someone else teaches you another sign for that same word, it could be based on where the person is from because there is such thing as regional signs.
- Learn to sign the phrase “How do I sign … ?”
- Learn the 5 parameters of a sign. Then you can use those parameters to write a definition for a sign to remember them. For example, HAPPY (write the parameters for this one).
- Think of one sign that you use to help you with noun and verb movement. One sign I use all the time is CHAIR and SIT. CHAIR has two movements, while SIT is the action to sit down. For me this helped to translate to other noun and verb signs.
- When you are learning signs, if there is an opposite, learn one version, then bring in the second sign to remember it. One example o-f this is mom and dad. Mom and female signs are near the chin, while dad and male assigned signs like brother start at the forehead.
- Fingerspelling is rough for non-native signers. Practice your fingerspelling clearly and not always for speed.
- Practice signing into a mirror or camera. A camera is nice because you can watch it later to make sure the signs were executed correctly.
- D/deaf people are very animated and outgoing, so don’t be shy to join the conversation and converse with D/deaf people.
- It is okay to be nervous at first. D/deaf people are very friendly and patient.
- Be mindful that D/deaf people cannot hear, so do not try calling them. Do either go up to them, tap them on the shoulder, or find other appropriate ways to get their attention.
- Do not try to be a perfect signer. If you make a mistake, brush it off. D/deaf people are open to correcting you so you know the correct sign for next time.
- Be open to corrections so you can become a better signer.
- When signing, relax.
- Be focused and maintain constant eye contact with the person you are talking to. It is considered rude to look at your phone, glance away, or walk away while the D/deaf person is talking to you. It shows that you are not paying attention or do not care about conversation or the person you are speaking with.
- Don’t worry about not understanding everything. You will pick it up as you go. It takes time and patience to absorb new signs, especially if you are seeing the signs in real life conversations.
- It is okay to ask the person to slow down their signing or finger spelling if they are too fast.
- Don’t get discouraged if one day you are doing well but then the next day you are not doing so well. It takes time to learn a new language.
- Many D/deaf people will ask you why are you learning ASL, so think of a good answer that inspired you to learn ASL. It can just simply be that, “ASL is a beautiful language and you want to learn it.”
- Set goals for yourself and keep track of your progress. This will help you see how you are doing in your learning process.
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